Dry Petha is a translucent Indian dessert made from the humble ash gourd or white pumpkin. It is called Petha, a famous sweet from the northern part of India. Petha is a signature sweetmeat from Agra, the city of Taj Mahal. For this reason, it is also known as Agra Petha.
As with the other sweets, Petha has also undergone a creative transformation by food buffs. Now delicious varieties such as Angoori Petha, Saffron Petha, Paan Petha, Chocolate Petha, Coconut Petha, Cherry Petha, and many more are also available. These new varieties are delicate and softer as compared to the harder dry Petha.
The history of Petha dates back to almost 400 years. It is believed that the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan had the best of Royal chefs in his kingdom. When he decided to build the iconic monument of love Taj Mahal in his wife Mumtaz Mahal’s memory, he employed 21,000 workers. And, it took 22 long years to build the Taj Mahal. To maintain his workers' energy levels, Shah Jahan wanted a sweet as pure and white as Taj Mahal. Hence, Petha, the candy dessert, was created by the royal chefs meticulously. Petha supplied the necessary sugary rush for the workers, and the rest is history.
Here is a quick peek into some benefits of Petha-
- Petha is considered a pure sweetmeat because it has no butter, ghee, or oil. It is prepared using only fruit and sugar. It does not contain any synthetics.
- It has a long shelf life and does not get spoilt quickly.
- White pumpkin has loads of health benefits and is known to be beneficial for ulcers, gastritis, asthma, and cough.
Flavor of Petha
Dry Petha chunks are crispy hard outside with a syrupy moist interior. It has a chewy texture.
Next time you bite into the crunchy chunk of this fabled sweet, remember it’s tangible connection to the royal kitchens of the Mughal era.